Reference Number: 443
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), with its major manifestations being Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, belongs to the gastrointestinal inflammatory disorders, whose main therapeutic approach is represented by synthetic anti-inflammatory drugs. However, they are often accompanied by many side effects that shifted the interest of the scientific community towards natural products. In this context, several studies asserted the anti-IBD effects of Citrus fruits and their flavonoids, thus the aim of the present review is to provide robust evidence favouring their role in the prevention and treatment of IBD. Key mechanisms relate to their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, as well as their ability to modulate gut microbiota. All the findings collected in this review, lay the foundations for further studies in human with the aim of evaluating the concrete applicability as a novel preventive and therapeutic approach of Citrus fruits and their flavonoids.
Significance to the baker:
This study indicates that the use of citrus in our bakes may boost the content of favourable bioactive compounds that may not only work to ease symptoms inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) but may also provide us with further health benefits by feeding the beneficial bacteria in our gut.