Reference Number: 153
Health: Gut Microbiome
Inclusions: Wheat bran
Wheat bran is a concentrated source of insoluble fibre. Fibre intakes are generally lower than recommendations. This paper reviews the physiological effects of wheat bran and the health benefits it may provide in terms of the prevention of diseases such as colon and breast cancers, cardiovascular disease, obesity and gastrointestinal diseases. In recognition of the weight of evidence, the European Food Safety Authority has recently approved two health claims for wheat bran and gastrointestinal health.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The current review highlights the importance wheat bran may have on health benefits in terms of prevention of diet-related diseases such as bowel cancer by particularly improving faecal bulking and increasing transit time (the time it takes for ingested food to travel through the human gut).