Reference Number: 59
Health: Gut Microbiome
The collection of bacteria, viruses, and fungi that live in and on the human body, collectively known as the microbiome, has recently emerged as an important factor in human physiology and disease. The gut in particular is a biological niche that is home to a diverse array of microbes that in uence nearly all aspects of human biology through their interactions with their host; new technologies are beginning to reveal important aspects of host-microbe interactions. Articles in this Review series address how perturbations of the microbiota, such as through antibiotic use, in uence its overall structure and function; how our microbiome in uences the impact of infectious agents, such as C. di cile; how our microbiome mediates metabolism of xenobiotics; how the microbiota contribute to immunity as well as to metabolic and in ammatory diseases; and the role of commensal microbes in oncogenesis.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THIS STUDY
The current study reviews the emerging disciplines concerning the development of metabolism, immunity, and cognition and reproductive capabilities and other disorders liked to the gut microbiome. Although this is an advancing field in research, findings so far have been promising in terms of the important link between the gut microbiome and overall health and wellbeing. We at the sourdough school are constantly looking at ways we can keep our gut microbiome healthy by incorporating gut friendly foods and ingredients and embracing symbiotic eating methods that ensure a balanced intake of prebiotics (sourdough wholegrain breads) and probiotics (fermented foods/cultured spreads) .