Reference Number: 599
Human gut microbiota refers to the entire population of microorganisms that colonizes a particular location; and includes not just bacteria but also other microbes such as fungi, archaea, viruses and protozoan. In recent years, it has been proven that the role of microorganism’s community within the human gut is utmost of importance regarding the balance between health and disease. Faecalibacterium prausnitzii is functionally considered a significant microbiota since this species of microbiota is found in many animals and humans. Based on the Meta-analysis of the Human Intestinal Tract project reports, F. prausnitzii (that exists about 5% in faeces is considered one of the most numerous anaerobic bacteria in the human gut microbiota. F. prausnitzii, is an acetate consumer that produces butyrate and bioactive anti-inflammatory molecules such as shikimic and salicylic acids.