Reference Number: 177
Sourdough fermentation has a well-established role in improving flavour and structure of bread. However, the significant potential of sourdough fermentation to improve the nutritional properties of rye, oat and wheat products has gained much less attention, although the interest is at present increasing. Sourdough fermentation can modify healthiness of cereals in a number of ways: it can improve texture and palatability of whole grain, fibre-rich or gluten-free products, stabilise or increase levels of various bioactive compounds, retard starch bioavailability (low glyceamic index products) and improve mineral bioavailability. Many new interesting applications for sourdough remain still to be explored, such as the use of prebiotic starter cultures or production of totally new types of bioactive compounds.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THIS STUDY
Most bakers know that sourdough fermentation can improve the texture and flavour of a loaf, but this paper looks at the potential health benefits of using long slow fermentation. It also suggests that using sourdough fermentation in other baked products could bring nutritional benefits.