Reference Number: 291
Health: Gut Microbiome
It is becoming clear that the ecology and functionality of the human gut microbiota are extremely diverse and complex. The microbiota have coevolved with us metabolically to live symbiotically and to share the workload of extracting nutrients and energy from the diet. It is also clear that a diet rich in fruit, vegetables, and whole grain cereals is good for general health and gut health and that this is due partly to the phytochemicals and partly to the nondigestible carbohydrates (or dietary fiber) that are present in plants. Kiwifruit contain polyphenolics and nondigestible carbohydrates in the form of pectic, hemicellulosic, and cellulosic polysaccharides, all of which can be degraded by various members of the gut microbiota and result in beneficial effects. This chapter summarizes how kiwifruit act to modify the colonic microbiota and the resultant beneficial effects on human health.
What does it mean for a Baker?
This is a very interesting study which summarises the prebiotic action of kiwi fruit. Consuming more kiwi fruit has been found to help increase the growth of “good bacteria” such as bifidobacterium and lactobacillus species, while inhibiting the growth of “bad bacteria” such as E.coli. This helps to maintain a healthy gut microbiome which is more diverse. Why not try adding more kiwi fruit into your sourdough bakes to help increase the diversity of your gut microbiome?