Antioxidants in wheat
In order to fully understand antioxidants, you need to start with what free radicals are. Free radicals were first discovered in the 1950s. They were identified as highly reactive metabolites that are naturally produced by our bodies as a result of normal biological processes. They are our natural biological response to toxins that are in the environment and around us, including chemicals, sunlight and cigarette smoke. And our bodies produce free radicals when we have inflammation anywhere in the body, and also when we exercise.
So what is a free radical? Well, it is a molecule that is missing one or more of its electrons. The missing electron is effectively responsible for the biological oxidation. The molecules are incomplete, and they aggressively rampage around the body attacking other molecules, trying to find that replacement electron. Which, when they get it, completes them...
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